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  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • Appliances Repair in DC

      Electricity furnishes the energy that powers small appliances and other electrical devices. Current flows to the device through the hot (typically black) wire and returns through the neutral (typically white) wire. The power that moves the current is called voltage.
  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • Appliances Repair in DC
    In most household systems, the hot wire has about 120 volts and the white wire has zero volts. The difference in voltage between the two wires moves the electric current and powers your appliance.
    There are three types of small, portable, or household appliances. Some appliances, such as toasters and coffee makers, heat something. Other appliances, like food processors and vacuum cleaners, move something.

  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • Appliances Repair in DC
    A few appliances, such as hair dryers, do both.
    In this article, we’ll tell you how to repair all of these appliances, and more. First, though, we’ll provide an overview on fixing small appliances.

  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • Appliances Repair in DC
    Heating Appliances
    Heating appliances convert electrical energy into heat, which is used to toast bread, warm coffee, dry hair, or perform other helpful tasks. This heat is developed by passing current through a special wire called an element. Since the element makes it difficult for electricity to pass through it, some of its energy turns into heat. The electricity uses so much of its energy to overcome the resistance of a toaster element, for instance, that it glows bright red, thus toasting the bread.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Appliances Repair in DC
    Common heating appliances covered in this article include toasters, toaster ovens, drip coffee makers, and percolator coffee makers. Heating appliances that work on the same principles include clothing irons; electric fry pans, woks, griddles, and waffle irons; convection ovens; deep fryers; slow cookers; food dehydrators; rice cookers; steam cookers; indoor grills; espresso and cappuccino machines; iced tea makers; and popcorn poppers. Once you’ve learned how to troubleshoot and repair the most popular heating appliances, it will be easy to repair any of them.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Appliances Repair in DC
    Motor Appliances
    Motor appliances convert electrical energy into movement. This power cuts and blends foods, opens cans, grinds waste, picks up dirt, and moves air. A motor converts electrical energy into magnetic energy that rotates a shaft. The end of this shaft may have a blade or other attachment that does the actual work.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Appliances Repair in DC
    Motor appliances that are addressed in this article include food mixers and blenders, electric can openers, garbage disposers, and upright and canister vacuum cleaners. Other motor appliances with similar operation include juicers, coffee grinders, ice cream makers, electric knives, knife sharpeners, electric pencil sharpeners, electric clocks, fans, humidifiers, and foil-head and rotary-head electric shavers.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Appliances Repair in DC
    Combination Appliances
    Some small appliances both heat and move. The most popular is the electric bread maker. It mixes dough, then bakes it into bread. Bread makers also include diagnostic electronics that assist the owner in troubleshooting and repair, so they are not included in this article. Other combination appliances include hair dryers and stirring popcorn poppers.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Appliances Repair in DC
    Troubleshooting Small Appliances
    Nearly all small appliances are powered by 120-volt electricity. This means that many of the problems that can occur with toasters can also occur with garbage disposers and hair dryers. These problems are caused by circuit breakers or fuses, switches and plugs, or grounded or loose wires.
    In this article, you’ll learn how to easily solve many common problems with small appliances, beginning with repairing cords.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Appliances Repair in DC
    Appliance Cords
    An appliance cord delivers electricity to an appliance. An appliance cord is typically constructed of two or three wires and a plug. Attach the appliance end of the cord with metal connectors or fasteners like
    electrical nuts.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Wires
    Wires used in appliance cords are of different diameters, or gauges. The thicker the wire, the lower the gauge number. That is, a 12-gauge wire is thinner than a 10-gauge wire. Most small appliances use cord wires of copper strands insulated with heat-resistant plastic.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • An appliance that requires less amperage to operate, such as a lamp, will typically have a two-wire cord of 18- or 16-gauge wire. Higher-amperage heating appliances will use a two- or three-wire cord of 14- or even 12-gauge wire. Two-strand cords include one hot wire and one neutral wire. A three-strand cord will have one hot wire, one neutral wire, and one ground wire.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Plugs
    The plug at the end of an appliance cord receives electricity from the wall receptacle. A two-prong plug is typically used for ungrounded appliances rated at less than 15 amps. Some two-prong plugs are polarized to ensure that the hot and neutral wires are connected correctly. The smaller prong is the hot wire, and the larger one is neutral.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Three-prong appliance plugs include one round prong used for grounding and ensuring that the hot and neutral prongs are inserted into the correct receptacle slots. Most small appliances are rated at less than 15 amps. A receptacle with a T-shaped neutral slot is designed to accommodate 20-amp appliances, though 15-amp cords can be plugged into it.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Connectors
    At the other end of the cord, inside the small appliance, the wires are connected to a switch, or controller. The wires may be connected with solder, with electrical twist-on nuts, or with connectors. These connectors physically and electrically connect the power source with the appliance.

  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • The connection can be made with crimp connectors, clip or spade connectors, or with U- or O-connectors. Internal appliance wires are typically smaller than those used for cords, which means the gauge numbers are higher.

  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • Repairing Appliance Cords and Wires
    To test an appliance cord or wire, first make sure that it is disconnected from any electrical source or capacitor. Then use a continuity tester or multimeter to make sure it can adequately conduct electricity.
    With the tester attached, move the wire to ensure that there is not a break in the strands that can cause intermittent shorts. Also check the quality and pliability of the cord or wire insulation. If there are any breaks or cracks that may eventually expose strands, replace the cord or wire with one of equivalent rating and gauge.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Small Appliance Controls
    Electrical power coming into a small appliance must be controlled: turned on or off or varied based on temperature, time, or function. That’s what appliance controls do. Appliance controls include switches, thermostats, rheostats, and timing mechanisms.

  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • In many small appliance problems, a controller is the culprit. So, before you begin tearing your toaster or vacuum apart, let’s see how small appliance controls work — and what to do when they don’t.
    Appliances Repair in DC
    Switches
    Most small appliance switches are activated by hand to control the flow of current in an appliance. A single-pole switch is pushed or moved to turn power on or off. Multiposition switches allow set amounts of current to flow, such as a multispeed switch for a blender.
    Appliances Repair in DC
    mechanisms, and assorted switches.
    Thermostats
    A thermostat opens and closes a circuit to furnish current based on temperature. The simplest, a bimetallic thermostat, uses two bonded pieces of metal with different heat ratings. At room temperature, for example, both metals are of identical length and form, allowing contact points in the circuit to touch. Heat flexes one of the two metals and causes them to pull the contacts apart, opening the circuit and stopping current from passing.
    Appliances Repair in DC
    Thermostats can be used to turn a heating element or a motor on or off. In fact, thermostats are used as overload protectors that open a circuit and turn off a motor if it overheats or overloads.
    Appliances Repair in DC
    Rheostats
    A rheostat is a variable controller. That is, it variably controls the amount of current flowing to an appliance component. A blender with a speed control that can be turned to increase or decrease motor speed uses a rheostat to do so. Because rheostats can be damaged by moisture, they can easily malfunction. In that case, they must be replaced with a rheostat of the same type and function. Rheostats are also called potentiometers or “pots.”
    Appliances Repair in DC
    Timing Mechanisms
    A timing mechanism controls current flow based on a mechanical or digital timing device similar to a clock. A timing mechanism in your coffee maker can furnish fresh coffee in the morning. In most cases, timing mechanisms turn small appliances on or off. When a timed appliance doesn’t turn on, one of the first components to check is the timing mechanism. Some can be repaired, while others must be replaced.
    Appliances Repair in DC
    Repairing Appliance Controls
    Appliance controls are easily tested with a continuity tester. By placing the clip on the input side and the tester probe on the output side and activating the controller, you can
    determine whether the control is functioning properly. For variable controllers, it may be easier to use a multimeter that will show you a change in resistance.

  • Appliances Repair in DC
  • Most defective small appliance controls should be replaced rather than repaired. Once you remove the controller from the appliance, take the part, along with the appliance’s model and serial numbers, to an appliance-parts dealer or electronics store to ensure that the appropriate replacement is found. A switch with a higher amp rating or a rheostat with a higher ohm rating can damage your appliance’s heating element or motor. It can also be dangerous to the operator.
    Appliances Repair in DC
    Where can you find replacement parts for small appliances? First, check your owner’s manual to identify the model and part numbers. If you live in or near a metropolitan area, you may have a number of appliance-parts stores from which to purchase. Of course, call them first to determine if they have or can get the type of parts you require.
    Appliances Repair in DC
    Then take the defective part in for a side-by-side comparison with the replacement part to double-check the match before you purchase it. As a last resort, you can write to the manufacturer. In most cases, they will refer you to an area appliance-parts dealer.

  • Appliances Repair in DC

  • Since most small appliances are made up of similar parts, it’s pretty easy to troubleshoot any problem once you have the basics down. However, there are specific tips for each small appliance that may come in handy. Let’s start by taking a look at how to repair toasters.

    Appliances Repair in DC

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